What is Dry Skin and How Does it Occur? (And How to Treat it)

What is Dry Skin and How Does it Occur? (And How to Treat it)


Itchy, flaky skin, red bumps, ashiness… We’re all familiar with dry skin. Whether it’s on our face, hands, elbows or all over our body. It’s not cool.

The good thing is it can be treated and prevented a number of ways, and without a trip to the dermatologist. If you suffer from dry skin, you’re going to want to read this. 

In this post, we’ll run through what dry skin is, the different types, how it occurs, and how to prevent and treat it including DIY and natural methods and ingredients.

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

To jump right to one treatment option, check out Tacugama body oil by krio, or krio’s River No. 2 face oil. Both are packed with powerful botanical extracts that are known to fight dry skin and atopic dermatitis (eczema).


What is Dry Skin (and Why Does it Matter)?

Dry skin is an unpleasant skin condition associated with itching, scaling, cracking, ashiness and redness. It can happen anywhere, occurring commonly on the face, and for a number of reasons. 

You might naturally have dry skin or skin that is prone to drying up after exposure to water or sun. Even individuals with oily skin may develop dry skin occasionally. It can affect your body anywhere, but most commonly affects the face, hands, arms, elbows, knees and legs. 

Dry skin is uncomfortable, painful and can even make some individuals less confident in their skin. Thankfully, there are natural methods and products available to battle dry skin and prevent it from coming back.


Types of Dry Skin

Aside from dry skin occurring naturally, exposure to hot water, dry weather, and certain chemicals can cause your skin to dry up.


Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

Atopic dermatitis, better known as eczema, is a chronic skin condition characterized by dry, scaly patches on the skin that can become inflamed and itchy. It’s common among babies and young children, but can affect teens and adults, too. 

Eczema most commonly affects the arms, backs of the knees, inner elbows, or on the face and scalp. Eczema is not contagious and its effect usually lessens with age.

The condition is believed to be caused by an overactive immune system from response to exposure to irritants. It also can be caused by an abnormal response to benign proteins in the body, causing inflammation.

Symptoms include:

  • Red or brownish-gray patches

  • Raised bumps that may secrete fluid when scratched or irritated

  • Itching

  • Patches of dried, yellowish ooze

  • Scaly skin


How to Treat Atopic Dermatitis

There are many options to treat eczema, including medication, therapies, lifestyle modifications, and natural, botanical oils.


Natural Remedies

To remain all-natural, there are many botanical ingredients that can fight eczema and relieve symptoms thanks to a number of properties, including:

Tacugama body oil and Bintumani hair oil by krio.

Tacugama body oil and Bintumani hair oil by krio.

To find all of these ingredients in one place, with many other nourishing, natural ingredients, check out our Tacugama body oil or our River No. 2 face oil, depending on the area of your eczema.


Other Treatments

Other treatments include over-the-counter antihistamines like Zyrtec, Benadryl, Allegra or Claritin to relieve itching. Cortisone or hydrocortisone (steroid) creams and ointments can be used to relieve itching and scaling. Immunosuppressants may be prescribed to prevent the immune system from overreacting, preventing eczema flare-ups, but comes with its side effects.

Aside from medication, light therapy, or phototherapy, uses ultraviolet light to prevent immune system responses that trigger eczema.

Stress plays a large role in triggering or exacerbating symptoms, so try to reduce stress by practicing deep breathing, yoga, meditating, getting enough sleep and rest and listening to relaxing music. Aromatherapy and acupuncture may help relieve symptoms of eczema, too.


Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis occurs when your body is exposed to something, like irritating chemicals such as bleach, battery acid, detergents, kerosene, or even some soaps, that your skin reacts to and causes localized inflammation.

Another type, allergic contact dermatitis, occurs when your skin is exposed to a substance that you may be allergic to, such as nickel, gold, latex, poison oak or poison ivy. This then causes the body to release inflammatory chemicals, making the skin feel irritated and itchy.

Symptoms include:

  • Dry, flaky, scaly skin

  • Oozing blisters

  • Redness

  • Hives

  • Darkened or leathery skin

  • Skin that burns

  • Itching

  • Sun sensitivity

  • Swelling in the eyes, face or groin areas

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

How to Treat Contact Dermatitis

Most contact dermatitis goes away once the irritant is no longer in contact with the skin. However, in other cases, symptoms may still persist.

Here are some tips you can try to relieve symptoms:

  • Clean your skin with mild, fragrance-free soap and lukewarm water

  • Avoid scratching the irritated area as it can worsen the irritation or cause infection, requiring antibiotics.

  • Apply petroleum jelly to the affected area to soothe pain and irritation.

  • Apply topical, natural anti-inflammatories.

  • Use anti-itch products such as hydrocortisone cream (Cortisone-10) or calamine lotion.

  • Stop the use of any problematic products.


If your rash doesn’t improve with home remedies, or is close to your eyes or mouth, or covers a large portion of your body, you may want to seek medical attention. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a stronger steroid cream.


How to Prevent Dry Skin

There are many lifestyle remedies to help prevent dry skin from even occurring in the first place

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

This image is provided by a third party called Unsplash.

  • Avoid using hot water when washing your face, bathing or showering

  • Lessen shower time to less than 10 minutes

  • Use a moisturizing soap when you bathe or shower

  • Apply moisturizer immediately after bathing or showering

  • Pat wet skin with a soft towel rather than rubbing it

  • Avoid itching or scrubbing dry skin patches

  • Use a humidifier in your room at night, especially during the fall and winter

  • Drink plenty of water


To keep both your face and body moisturized and nourished, check out krio’s Tacugama body oil and River No. 2 face oil, two serums designed specifically to fight dry skin and keep it hydrated all day long.

Each oil is packed with botanical oils such as marula oil, clary sage oil, chamomile oil, jojoba oil, baobab oil, sunflower oil and more, that are packed with vitamins, essential fatty acids and anti-inflammatories known to fight eczema, nourish dry skin, balance sebum levels on your skin and keep your skin hydrated.


Resources for Dry Skin Remedies

To learn about the different properties in natural skincare products that aim to prevent and treat dry skin and other skin complications, check out this article: 7 Properties in Skincare Products that Promote Healthy Skin.

To learn more about natural ingredients that will help you if you have dry skin or eczema, visit getkrio.com/ingredients.

If you’re interested in natural products packed with beneficial ingredients, but don’t want to worry about researching and purchasing them yourself, visit getkrio.com/products.

For more information on dry skin, visit mayoclinic.org.

If your dry skin becomes a concern and you are experiencing serious symptoms, please contact your doctor for further treatment.


Now that you’ve learned about the different types of dry skin, what causes them, how to naturally treat and prevent them, you should be on your way to healthier and more comfortable skin.

Don’t forget to check out krio’s products specifically crafted to fight and nourish the symptoms talked about in this blog post.

Tacugama body oil is crafted with a powerful nutrient blend of botanical oils. Thanks to key ingredients such as baobab oil and pomegranate seed oil, our formula contains a host of vitamins and essential fatty acids that work together to soften, nourish, and rejuvenate your skin.

River No. 2 face oil is carefully crafted to be lightweight yet exceptionally dense in crucial nutrients to keep your face nourished and glowing and battle difficult skin complications such as dry skin, acne and aging. Key ingredients such as marula oil and watermelon Seed oil contain vitamins and essential fatty acids that work in sync to provide hydration and other benefits for healthy skin.

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